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郝永强:3D打印,转变医疗与将来
2020-08-03 阅读( 来历: 
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挑衅骨科手术禁区

renwuzhiyuandaorushexianghaodeshuziwenjian,ji3ddayinjipushangyicengxiruoweichendetaifen,qiaoqiaoanxia“qitou”anniu,dianzishuzaizhaoyaoqugouchengde1100sheshidudiwenhuirangjinshuweilitianranronghua……24xiaoshibaibuyijiandayinhaode1∶1bilidejinshugupenzhongxiujiatibaifangzaileyabowangyebancongshudijiuguominyabowangyeban(yixiajiancheng“shanghaijiuyuan”)gukezhuanjiahaoyongqiangchuanshoudeyanqian。nangxijinianli,haoyongqiangtuanduizaidaikerongyuanshidelvlingxiaqiangxianjiang3ddayinshouyicaozongzaigukefanchou,yiweijin200minghuanzheshixingle3ddayintexinghuajinshugupengongxiaozhongxiu,wanchenglegukeshoushucong“xuezushilv”dao“liangwentiyi”yizhiqingshideyanjunchongpo,chengweijianglaiyixianshengzhangdexinbiaodemude。

zuijinjinianlai,3ddayinzuoweizuijudaibiaoxingdeguojiqianyanshouyizhiyi,yichengweitianxialieguojingxiangyantaoderemen。congfeijinshudaojinshuziliao,conghangkonghangtian、guofangjunshidaogaoduanzhizuodejinshubujian,3ddayinshouyiyejiangzanmendairudaolejubeiqingfuxingdetexinghuayiliaodequanxinshiqi。

haoyongqiangdidiandeshanghaijiuyuanshiguojizuizaozhankai3ddayintexinghuashuniujiatimosuodeyabowangyeban,cong20shiji80nianyueqitou,daikerongyuanshijiujingyoujinchengyigongxiezuozhankailetexinghuayeshengshuniudeyanfacaozong,dianjile3ddayinzaigukefanchoucaozongdegenben。zaicigenbenshang,zuoweidaiyuanshimenshengdehaoyongqianglvlingtuanduichengqianqihou,yanxuzai3ddayintexinghuashuniujiatideyanfayulinchuangzhuanhuacaozongshangdoudankaipi,caozong3ddayinshouyichuchuang3ddayinmozi、3ddayinshoushuzanzhudaoban、3ddayindingzhijinshujiati“sanweiyiti”degupenzhongliujingzhunqiechuhetexinghuagongxiaozhongxiudeyizhiqingshi,rangnangximeifayizhihuoliaoxiaobujiadeyanjungupenjibinghuanzhe,youlegenghaodeyizhijieguohehukoupinzhi;bingjiang“sanweiyiti”deyizhilinian、qingshi、shouyituixingcaozongdaogukejikouqiangneike、zhengxingneikedengyixuefanchou。weilewanchengzhenzhengyisishangde“texinghua”yu“jingzhunhua”,dianmoduoniandejinli,3ddayintexinghuashuniujiaticongyizhonglinian、yizhongceyankaoshi,zhubugouchenglecikelinchuangshangyichengshucaozongdeqingshiyushouyiguifan,erzheiyiwanquanyouzhongguodafuzililiyigouchengdeguantoushouyi,yerangzhongguoyiguzhongliuqiechuzhongxiuweidaibiaodetexinghuagukeyiliaozouzailetianxiayixueqianyan。

haoyongqiangxianrongshuo,gupenpoujiediweichuge,linjinyouxiaohua、miniao、shengzhidengzangqijishouyaoxueguan、shenjing,poujiejiqipangza。gupenzhongliuhuanzhemianduizhongliuqiechuningjingbianjingnanyikending,shouyaozangqi、gouzaoyichanshenghuishangdengzhuduotimu,shiyi,jiuzhangyilaigupenzhongliubeishiweishoushude“jinqu”,shigongrendetianxiaxingkunnan。“chugeshi20shiji80nianyuezhiqian,ruoshihuanzhequezhenlegupenexingzhongliu,bianmianduizhecunwangjueyi。sifenzhiyibangupenjiezhishibingrennenggouhuoxuhuoxucunhuoshangqudeduyiyizhitiaoxuan,danjishixingyunhuoshangqu,baocunpinzhiyejicha。”haoyongqiangmiaoxielexishigupenzhongliuhuanzhesuomianduidejuejing。

genzheyixueyingxiangxue、shoushushouyidengbushishengzhangqianjin,xinzanzhuhualiao、fangliaodengliaoxiaodebushiqianjin,weiguzhongliuhuanzhechijiubaocungongjilenenggouhuoxuhuoxu,erbuyibaocunlvxia,tiaoxuanbaocunpinzhigaodebaozhiyizhichengweibingrenjijiajuangengjiliedeyuwangyuxuyao。jinchao,baozhiyizhiyichengweiguzhongliuhuanzhedeshouyaoyizhiqingshi,erguzhongliudeyizhixingxuyaobaozhiyizhidegebiehua,cizhong,gebiehuadeshoushujihuajigebiehuaguzhongliubaozhizhongxiujiatideshexiang、zhizuojishuzhonggebiehuadejingquezhuangzhishiwanchengguzhongliuhuanzhewanmeibaozhideguantou。

shizhibenri,3ddayintexinghuashuniuzhongxiujiati,weigupenzhongliudengnangximeifayizhidegukeyanjunjibingzhaodaolexindeyizhitili,buzhijihuanzhedizaolebaocunshangqudejiyu,gengrangbenlaihukoupinzhihenchadegukejibinghuanzheqianjinlehukoupinzhi。haoyongqiangshuo:“3ddayinshouyizaiyixuezhongdecaozongbuzhiyudayinchugushuniuxiufuzhongxiujiati,haibaoluolezai3ddayingugebingbianmozishangmoniqiechubingzaojimonizhuangzhijiati、3ddayintexinghuashoushudaobanzanzhujingzhundingweidengyixiliedezanzhushouyi,congerchongpolebushaociqiandeshoushujinqu,yejishoushudailailegengduodeningjingxing,jineikeshoushutilidailailetianfandifudebiangeng。yijuhua:jiangpangzashoushujianlvehua、weixianshoushuningjinghua”。

zuoweiguojichuzhixiangganyantaozuizaodetuanduizhiyi,haoyongqiangyugongshimenchongpoleduoxiangguantoushouyipingjing,weigupenzhongliujingzhunqiechuhetexinghuagongxiaozhongxiushouyitixidejianli、shengzhanghetuixingzuochuleguojiqiangxiandejinxian。zai2019niandushanghaishimixinshouyijiajiangdahuishang,yabowangyebancongshudijiuguominyabowangyebangukehaoyongqianglingxianwanchengdemingmu“gupenzhongliujingzhunqiechuyutexinghuagongxiaozhongxiudeguantoushouyiliyiyutuixingcaozong”qudeleshanghaishimixinshouyiqianjinjiangyidengjiang。

jin30nianyanxubushide3ddayinshouyiyixuecaozong,gouchengleshanghaijiuyuantexinghuayizhideqingshi。haoyongqiangchugekuada,yuchuantongdeguifanhuaqingshibinijiao,texinghuayiliaoqingshishiyigejixin、qingfuxingdeqingshi,anzhaolinchuangdexuyao,linchuangdafuyuyingxiang、ziliao、ruanjianshexiang、zhuangbeizhizuodenggongchengshixiezuo,gouchengchan、xue、yanyitihuadeduoxuekexiezuoqingshi,youcichuangjiandejiyu3ddayinshouyide“sanweiyiti”deliyiyizhiqingshishengliwanchenglecongyantaoguanglinchuangdezhuanhua,shidezhongguozaiguke3ddayintexinghuayizhishanglingpaoyutianxia。

薪火相传 更新迭代

1995nian,haoyongqiangkaoruyabowangyebangongduboshixuewei,zhengshibaizaidaikerongyuanshimenxia。zaicizhiqian,tacengzaishanghaixiyiyaodaxueshicongtianxiawenmingxiyigushangdashishiqichuanshougongduzhongxiyilianxigukezhuanyeshuoshixuewei。zaizhongguodeyixuerenwuzhebangbian,tongshijieguanliangzhongyixuetixijinliguoderenbingweiji。

“dongfangyixuexianshitixichengxingyuliangqianduonianqian,kuada‘quantiguan’‘gebiehua’denglinian。erdongfangyixuedeshengzhangshiyugudaimixinshouyishenmilianxide,zheishidongfangyixuexuyaozhudongluozhide。”congxiyidaoxiyi,youcongxiyizaihuidaoxiyi,haoyongqianghuixiangqixishiyiyeshidelvli,wanyanzhongxiyilianxidejinxiulvlirangbenshenshouhaifeiqian,“yishiwoyixiangjuededongfangyixuedelinianjiashangdongfangyixuedeshouyi,zheicaikeweijinshiwanmeideyixuexintixi。yixueyaoshengzhang、wanmei,jiubixuduoxuekedechuancharonghui,congqiyuxuekexishouyangfen,zanmencikeyongdaode3ddayinshouyiyeshirusi。”

shicongdaikerongyuanshihou,haoyongqiangqitoubaquanshudeshenxintourudaoguzhongliudenggukepangzajibingdetexinghuayizhibangbian。“youyuguzhongliubaozhiyizhizhongzhongliuqiechuhouzhongxiubuguifanhuajiati,yishibixuyouyishibenshenxiangtilichuzhi,texinghuazhongxiujiatishiguzhongliubaozhiyizhidegangxu。danzaizengcaizhizuoxianxianzhiqian,jiancaizhizuozhibeidetexinghuadezhongxiujiatijinzaidadoufacaiguodunenggouhuoxuhuoxuwancheng,dingzhiyongduputongyaozai10wanmeiyuanyishang,dingzhizhouqiputongxu3geyuebaibu。guojideguzhongliubingrenyilaishijingfeishangchengdangbuqi,erlaishishihoushangyedengbuqi。”


郝永强同戴尅戎院士(左二)会商病情

zaozai20shiji70nianyueqianqi,daikerongyuanshijiuqitoulegushuniudetexinghuajiatishexiangdecaozongyuzhuanhuayantao。zaiyiciguojiyeshengshuniuxueshujihuishang,daiyuanshiyushanghaijiaotongdaxueshenmijiqixidewangchengdaochuanshoulejie,jinhouqitouleliangrenzhangda30duoniandexiezuo,guojizuizaoyigongxiezuo,jiangjijiaojizanzhushexiangyinrugebiehuajiatixitilizuofanchou,kaiduanjianchenglejianjiemianxianglinchuangdegebiehuazhirujiatishuzizhizuotixi,2003nianqudeledingzhixingyeshengshuniudechuchanzhuceyunxuzheng,weihaofandepangzayiwenbinglizhongxiuzhitigongxiaogongjileyouzilizilichangshichanquandedingzhixingyeshengjiati。20shiji80nianyuechu,tamenjiushexiangchubaohanyeshengbangupen、yeshenghuaishuniu、jianshuniudediyidaitexinghuajiati,bingyu80nianyuemogenjishangjianliqitexinghuajiatideshouyitixigenben。genzhejiatishexiangdebushigailiang,zhibeigongyidebushiqianjin,daole2000nian,dierdaitexinghuajiatirizhenwanmei,buzhiwanquanhangailegukefanchousuoxudetexinghuashuniu,haicaozongdaolekouqianghemianneike、yanke、zhengxingneikedengxuekefanchou;buzhipoujiexingzhuangtexinghua,lixuejinengyewanchengletexinghua。danjishirusi,linchuangyishitichudeguantoushexiangchuantongzhizuoshouyiyenanyiwancheng,jiatixitilizuoshihouyenanyizhizulinchuangxuyao。2010nian,jinshu3ddayinjidemianshijishouyiderizhenchengshu,haoyongqiangzailiangweixianbeideyantaochengjigenbenshang,jujiaolinchuangxuyao,qitouledisandaitexinghuajiatideyantaomosuo。

“dianmocongdiyidai、dierdaizaidaodisandai,texinghuajiatideshexiangyuzhizuoshouyitixibushiyouhuawanmei,weici,zanmenzuoledapichuchuangjiziliderenwu,baohanshexiangjicaozongruanjiandeyanfa,zanmennenggouhuoxucaozongbenshenyanfadect/mrishuzironghuijijiaojiruanjianlaizhongxiuzhongliushizaibianjing,bingjingyoujincheng3ddayinbabingbianmozidayinchulai,zai3ddayinbingbianmozishanghuishangshoushujihua,ruohebazhongliujingzhunqiechechu?ruohejingzhundizhuangzhitexinghuazhongxiujiati?weici,zanmenyanfashexiangle3ddayinshoushuzanzhudaoban,shipangzadeshoushujianlvehua。churangjiatipoujiexingzhuang、lixuejinengtexinghuawai,ruoheanzhaobingrenjibingdechugexuyao,fuyujiatitexinghuadechugegongxiao?ru3ddayinzuichangchangshiyongdejinshuziliaotaihejinshiduoxingjinshu,yugugezhijianmeifazhenghe,yongjiucunzaijinshujiati-gugejiemian,yeshiqianliangdaitexinghuashengxiaodezuishouyaoyuanyou。weici,zanmentuanduizuoledapideyantao,caozong3ddayinshouyi,dianmobushitiaoxuan,danfanyugudazhangdejiatiwaibiaodoudayinlenenggouhuoxuhuoxuguzhangrudejinshuguxiaoliang,ruxutaihejinjiunenggougengugezhangzaiyilu,3ddayindetexinghuashuniujiatizhenzhengchengweihuanzheshencaideyijubu,zhuanbianlejiatidebaocunzhouqi。jingyoujincheng3ddayinshouyifuyulejinshushengwuhuoxing,zheileilinianheshouyishangdechongpokeweiyigelichengbei。”haoyongqiangtandaoyihoude3ddayintexinghuajiatishouyiliyiyiwuyishi。

shanghaijiuyuanzai3ddayinyixuecaozongfanchounengrusichaoqian,yigeshouyaodeyuanyouhaideyiyuyi(sheng)gong(chengshi)deshenmixiezuo。zaijiuyuanguke,dafumendegongshibuzhijinshidafu,lingyougongchengshi。“yigongchuanchaxiezuoyirongrudaozanmenyabowangyebanmeigedafudexueyewaimianqule。daiyuanshihewangchuanshoushiyigongxiezuodexianxingzhejijianxingzhe,tamenliangweixianbeiwanquannenggouhuoxutingdongduifangderenwushuohua。ruoshigongchengshitingbudongdafushuoshenme,dafukanbudonggongchengshizuoshenme,neimochanwushexiang、zhibeijicaozongshangbiranhuichuwuchade!”haoyongqiangquanshidao:“yishizanmenchuchuangle3ddayinjiezhenzhongjian,gongchengshigendafuyidaokanbing,yidaohuishangshoushujihua、jiatishexiangderenwuqingshi。wohuadinggongchengshibixujinshoushushikanshoushu,kanbenshendeshexiangzaixianshicaozongzhongyoubutimu?shihetimu?ruoheyouhuagailiang?baohanshoushuhousuifang,gongchengshiyexudaochang,famingtimu,chuzhitimu。youyutexinghuayiliaoqingshiyoubieyuchuantongdeguifanhuayizhiqingshi,shizhenzhengjibingren‘liangshendingzuo’deyiliaoqingshi,shiyizhongyiliaolinianjililundeqingfuxingfandong。”

liniandezhuanbianxiangdangshouyao,dafusuochengdangdeyiliaoyiwu、suozhichudexinkuxiuxidengyaobiguifanhuayiliaoyaoduohenduo。meicishoushuqian,dafuhegongchengshichengshipinpinlvcihuishang,caozongjijiaojimonigupenzhongliudebianjingjizhongliuqiechuhoudegupenquesunzhuangkuang,zaishexiangbing3ddayintexinghuadegugebingbianmozijidingzhidetexinghuajinshujiati,haoyongqiangxianrong:“texinghuagugebingbianmozibianshianzhaohuanzheshizaideyingxiangchachaoshuju,jingyoujinchengjijiaojiruanjianderonghuishuzihuashexianghou,zai3ddayinchuhuanzhewanquanshizaide1∶1gugemozi。youle3ddayinmozi,zhongliuyouduoda?zhangzaishenmediwei?yusizhoushouyaozangqi、xueguanshenjingdengzhijianshishenmeganxidengyimumingle、shuidaoqucheng。caozong3ddayinshoushuzanzhudaobanjingzhunqiechuzhongliuhou,dafujiunenggouhuoxuzhiruweihuanzhe‘liangshendingzhi’detexinghuajinshuzhongxiujiati。”

尽力推行 将来可期

shanghaijiuyuande3ddayintuandui,yulaiyuzaodaotianxiatongyedezhushi,zheigepingtaibuzhishiyigeshouzhitianxiayiwenbinglidejiezhenzhongjian,rengshiyigebushiliyideyantaozhongjian,peiyuyixue3ddayinrencaidepeixunzhongjian,yixue3ddayincaozongdezhuanhuatuixingzhongjian。

2013nian,shanghaijiuyuanzaitianxiachangyijianlilediyijiayabowangyebande3ddayinshouyilinchuangzhuanhuazhongjian,you3ddayinjiezhenzhongjian、3ddayinliyiyanfazhongjian、3ddayinhouchuzhizhongjiangoucheng,zhongjianjubeigaofenzi、jinshu、shengwudengduozhongziliaoyuguigede3ddayinzhuangbei,zhongjianyijingjianli,minjiejiangduoxiang3ddayinshouyigongxiaozailinchuangzhuanhuacaozong,dianmobuxiejinli,2015nianjianlileyabowangyebandayinzhongjian,2016nianjianlileshanghaijiaotongdaxueyixue3ddayinliyiyantaozhongjian,bingzaitianxia20duogesheng、zhixiashijianlifenzhongjian,jingyoujinchengshouyijiaohuanfushejinyibubianceleguojiyixue3ddayindeshengzhang。

buzhijinshi3ddayintexinghuazhongxiujiatidezhuanhuacaozongcaineng,shizaicong3ddayinziliaodaoshexiangruanjian、3ddayinjizhuangbei,meigeguantoushouyiguantoushang,shanghaijiuyuanjixiezuotuanduidougouchenglebenshenchuchuangdejiaodianshouyi,gouchengle3ddayinzhongjiancongyantaoguanglinchuangdewanquandezhuanhuaxuekelian。“ruoshimouyigeguantouxianxian‘pingjing’timu,zanmenjiunanyiwanchengquantidechongpo。yishi,zai3ddayinxiangganfanchou,zanmen3ddayinliyiyantaozhongjianjixiezuotuanduizhankailedapideyanfarenwu,danyuannengjiangzheixiejiaodianshouyijinjinzhangkongzaizhongguorenbenshenshouli,zhiyaoruxucaibuhuibeiwaiyang‘qiashang’,cainenggenghaodicaozongzanmendechuchuangshouyijichanwuchuzhiyixuekunnan。”haoyongqiangrushishuo。

郝永强

zuijinjinianlai,shanghaijiuyuan3ddayinzhongjianyelianxujiedailewaiyanghenduoduoshaozhemingyuanxiaoheyabowangyebanqianlaiguanshangjiaohuan。2018nian,quanmeifanweizuida、zhuangbeizuizaojindemeiaoyixuezhongjiandeguketuanduidaoshanghaijiuyuande3ddayinzhongjianguanshang,duishanghaijiuyuandeyixue3ddayinrenwuciyulegaoduzancheng。“tamenshuo,laizhiqiandeyigexingqi,meiaoyixuezhongjiangukecaiqitoucaozongdayingupenmozilaizanzhuwanchenggupenzhongliuqiechushoushu。ercaozong3ddayingupenzhongliumozizanzhushoushujihua、monizhongliuqiechuyujiatishexiang、shuzhongzanzhushoushu,zanmen20nianqianjiuqitouzuole,cikeyishichangtai。yishi,congyizhilinian、caozongqingshi、jiaodianshouyi,hebingrendepangzashuipingdengzonghelaikan,zanmenhenshiziao,zanmenyizouzaileguojiqianyan。”haoyongqianggaoaodibiaoxian。

zaiguke3ddayintexinghuajiatiyanfajizhuanhuacaozongfanchouxinkugengzuoduonian,haoyongqianggandaohenduo,guzhongliuzaigukefanchoushizuinan、zuijutiaoxinxingde,dadadougukedafunenggouhuoxuhuoxuhuijingeryuanzhi。“youyuxuyaozhichutaiduo,taileile。guzhongliuneikedafu,buguangchangchangyaotiaoxinnandujigao、bumanweizhi、weixianjigaodeshoushu,haiyaobawohualiao、fangliao、mianyiyizhidengtiliyushouyi,haiyaoduibingrenjijiajuanzuoxinsishujunxiangtong。”haoyongqiangquanshidao,“zheixuyaoguzhongliuneikedafubuguanghuizuoshoushu,haixujubeiduozhongcaineng,biaoyanduozhongjiaose。weici,duonianqian,zanmenjiuzujianleduoxuekexiezuotuandui(mdt),baohanyingxiangke、binglike、linchuangshoushukeshi、hualiao、fangliao、shuxuekejixiyikedeng;lingwai,weitexinghuajiatishexiangjizhibei,zujianleyigongchuanchaduoxueketuandui,baohanruanjianshexiang、ziliao、jiqizhizuodenggongchengshi。texinghuayiliaodafuxuyaodaochangquanbujincheng,jishitexinghuaxuyaodetichuzhe,texinghuayizhijihuadenidingzhe,texinghuajiatishexiangdejueyizhe,yeshitexinghuayiliaochanwucaozongdaobingrendelvxingzhe。”zhengyouyutapangzashuipinggao、weixianda,xuyaodetuanduiqilihenshiqiang,yishi,yihouguojidajubudeyabowangyebanhaibuzhankai,zheiranghaoyongqiangganshoudaojianshangdedanzihenzhong,“zanmenxuyaojinkuaijiangtexinghuayiliaolinianjixiangyingshouyituixingzhitianxia,zaofuyuqianwanwanwanjixuyizhidebingren”。

weilegenghaodituixingtexinghuayiliaolinianjiyixue3ddayinshouyi,zheixienianlai,haoyongqiangtuanduijinxinjinlidichuangbanguodujiyanxujiaodaojinxiuban14ci,guojijihui12jie。zaiguojiwaishouyaozuozhutijianghua、teyaobaogaozongji108ci。jingyoujinchengjuxingjinxiuban、shoushushijiao、chuangjianyixue3ddayinliyiyantaozhongjiantianxiatongmeng、zhangtuhuizhendengduozhongqingshi,jiangtexinghuayiliaolinian、3ddayingugemozi、3ddayinshoushuzanzhudaobanhe3ddayintexinghuazhiruti“sanweiyiti”yizhiqingshijishouyituixingdaotianxia23gesheng,56jiayabowangyeban。qijinweizhi,yixue3ddayinshouyibuguangyituixingcaozongdaoguke(gupen、kuan、xi、jian、huai、zhou、wan、jizhu),yepubianyongyukouqiang、zhengxingneike、shenjingneike,yanke、erbihoukedengmanshengegebuweidexiufuyuzhongxiu。lingwai,3ddayinshouyihaizaibingyufanchourudayintexinghuadebingyuzhiju,biancebingyuyixuedeshengzhang。shanghaijiuyuantongyangchengweitianxiazhankaiyixue3ddayinzuipubian、zuichengshu、zuitigaodelingjunyabowangyeban。

yiluzoulai,congzuihoudebujie、zhiyi,naizhiyufengci,daocikedashidui3ddayintexinghuayiliaodezhubujieguan、chengrenhezhengshi,jinchenglaizhibuyi。haoyongqianghenshixinxi,yehenshigaoaobenshenjubeizheyizhiyuyuexingye、naizhiyuyuetixide“datuandui”,zheizhilianhexiezuo、yongyuliyidebuduilibuzhiyaoyabowangyebandeyiwuzhiyuan,lingyouxiezuodeziliaogongchengshi、ruanjianshexianggongchengshi、zhizuocaichangongchengshideng,zheizhidatuanduizaiyibuyigetaijiedijinliqianxing,chuzhileyixuekunnan,jingyoujinchengliyihaidongyuanlexianggangaokejicaichandeshengzhang。

zaihaoyongqiang30niandeyiliaoshenghuoshengjizhong,buchanshengguoyiluyihuanzhijiandejiaoge。tajingchangjinggaotuanduidenianqingchengyuan,zuoyiweiyiliaorenwuzhechulianjiuchonggaogaoguideyishu,gengxujubeirenaizhixin。yixuedeshengzhanglibukaihuanzhedejinxianyuchengchi,renheyizhongyiliaoxintili、xinshouyi、xinchanwu,douxuyaoyouyongyumaoxingmingweixiandehuanzhediyigequceyankaoshi。bingrenyeshidafudejiaoyuan,dafudeshengzhangxuyaobushicongbingrenshenshangjinxiu、zongjiejinglijingyan。taxiangzhengshenzhangdishuo,shizaihuanzheyuyishishibaohuankangyuxingmingdeyunqipeiheti。“yixue3ddayinyouyiyujianglongtong、nanyishuodabaidejibingpingmianhuadixianxian,bifang,3ddayindegupenzhongliumozi,zhongliujuxijisizhoushouyaozangqi、xueguanshenjingganxizaimozishangyimumingle,rangbingrenjijiajuanjiabeiqingxididongdeshoushudenandujiweixian,bianyuyihuanxiangtong。”haoyongqiangquanshishuo,“congyizhijihuajiyongdudengdetiaoxuan,wochengshizhanzaihuanzhejijiajuandejiaodutitamenzhenzhuo,babingrenjijiajuanyiqiedeyilvjitimudouzaishoushuqianxiaomi,zheishiwoduonianyixiangduizhidezuofa。”

bugugedeankang,jiuwucongtanqi“daankang”,gudaiyixuejianglaishengzhangdebiaodemudeshigebiehua、jingzhunhua,jiyu3ddayinwanchengdetexinghuagushuniugongxiaozhongxiushitexinghuayiliaodeshenglidianxing,dongyuanzhetexinghuayiliaodeshengzhang。fangyanjianglai,haoyongqiangbiaoxian,3ddayinhuiyulaiyuduodicaozongzaiyixuegegefanchou,tongshi,yidayinhuoxinggouzaoxibao、qiguanweidaibiaodeshengwudayinwuwangzaiweijidejianglaicaozongyurenti,jianghuiduirenleideankangzuochupangdade、shiwuqianlidejinxian。

kejizhuanbianjianglai,yixue3ddayinkezanzhurenlei“xixingemian”huxiangchengzhen。


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